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Not walking because your knee hurts can make it worse [무릎 아프다고 걷지 않으면 상태 더 악화]

As you grow older, your bones can be prone to pain. This is a sign that arthritis has come. In this case, arthritis usually means 'osteoarthritis'. As aging causes gray hair, it is a 'disease' that anyone can experience. Among them, knee osteoarthritis, despite it having no symptoms can be diagnosed as knee osteoarthritis to 30-60% of those over 60 after taking X-rays.
Osteoarthritis occurs when a person's weight or force is continually applied to the joint. This is usually caused by heavy joints such as knees and hip joints or joints that are heavily used, such as fingers. Gender can also be an important factor as they appear more in women.

# Muscles to protect joint health

Putting a moderate weight on your joints will keep your joints healthy. The joints of our bodies are very important structures and are mainly surrounded by strong muscles. It also protects joints and keeps them functionally correct. Therefore, strengthening the muscles surrounding the joint helps protect the joint and maintain proper position. Because of the lack of exercise, people with weak thigh muscles or O-shaped legs have many joints that can cause osteoarthritis to appear more quickly, including overweight individuals due to constant strains to their joints.

Osteoarthritis begins with degenerative changes in the cartilage, so fundamental recovery is difficult. Therefore, it is important to maintain the joints with a limited life span while controlling pain. There are drugs that reduce pain and reduce inflammation in the joint cavity. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents (NSAIDs) are the representative drug. However, this drug may cause discomfort in the gastrointestinal tract and blood clotting before long-term use, so consult your doctor.

# Speed walking exercise more than 30 minutes 3 times a week

Nasaret International Hospital recommends weight loss and increased strength through regular exercise prior to treating osteoarthritis. Because weight is the primary cause of increased joint load, dietary control and proper exercise are both be necessary. Suitable exercises include regular cardio such as walking, strength training, and stretching. If you have pain in your joints, exercises such as walking, biking, swimming or aquatics are also great methods. However, if the pain persists for more than 2 hours after exercise or your body begins to swell, it means that you are exercising excessively, so you should reduce the intensity and frequency.

Ideally, medication is ideal, but pain that has lasted for more than two months does not simply go away. If the pain persists, you may need to suspect osteoarthritis as well as other diseases, so ultrasound or knee MRI scans may be necessary.

If you're diagnosed with osteoarthritis, your doctor can inject anti-inflammatory drugs into your joint cavity to relieve inflammation. Injections are effective for pain but do not last long and require repeated treatment.

To help prevent arthritis, it is a good idea to exercise your muscles regularly before you develop arthritis symptoms. Ideally, walk at least three times a week with enough strength while maintaining your breathing pattern for at least 30 minutes at a time.

Arthritis is a change caused by aging, so the fundamental solution is difficult, but if managed properly, a pleasant life with enough time to travel with your family is not far away.

Written with the help of Dr. Jung Tae Ho, Rehabilitation Medicine Dept., Nasaret International Hospital
Original article by Kiho Ilbo
2019 Jul 31


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